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Traumatic brain injuries (TBIs) and concussions both involve head injuries and can share many of the same symptoms, but they are not the same thing. 

Traumatic Brain Injury vs. Concussion: What Are They?

Concussions are mild traumatic brain injuries. But not all traumatic brain injuries are concussions.

Both, however, are words for injuries that change someone’s normal brain function. They are both medical emergencies that require a doctor’s attention.

Traumatic Brain Injuries

Traumatic brain injury” is a broad term for a variety of head injuries that are generally more serious than concussions. TBIs often occur during a physical trauma involving a severe impact on the head or an injury that pierces the skull.

They usually cause immediate unconsciousness and other neurological impairments. TBI symptoms depend on the injury and can be very similar to concussion symptoms. Treatment for TBI depends on the injury itself.

Surgery might be necessary to relieve swelling or repair a fractured skull. A doctor might decide to put a TBI victim into a medical coma to facilitate healing. They may also prescribe medications to reduce pressure in the head and prevent seizures.


Concussions are injuries to the brain, but not necessarily because of a traumatic event. A concussion is when someone’s brain jolts against the inside of their skull and bruises. Someone might not even know they have a concussion for weeks.

However, concussions can lead to a laundry list of serious side effects and long-term health issues. You treat a concussion with physical and mental rest. It is really important not to do anything that could cause another head injury.

It’s also important to avoid any stimulating mental activities or loud, bright places. Usually, though, the symptoms resolve on their own with rest.

TBI vs. Concussion: Legal Settlements

There is no average settlement amount for head injuries. The value of someone’s legal claim depends on the severity of the person’s injuries.

Each case is going to be unique because of its circumstances. TBIs can range from very mild, where the person doesn’t even know they’re injured, to severe and fatal.

Both conditions can be difficult to diagnose and treat if the person’s injuries aren’t physically obvious.

Whether you were in an auto accident or suffered a bad fall, you should always have the doctor check you for harm done to your brain. Diagnosis and documentation will be key to proving your injuries.

A large part of someone’s legal claim will be compensated for the amount of medical care involved in treating the person’s injuries and their future medical needs.

Their claim will also include the wages they’ve lost and the loss of their capacity to earn in the future. Someone could be out of work for a few weeks while they heal or disabled for several years or longer.

Head injury settlements also involve non-economic losses like pain and suffering, emotional distress, and loss of enjoyment of life, none of which are easily given a dollar amount.

Your attorney can help you figure out how much compensation you can reasonably expect if you have a valid claim.

Farzam Law Firm Can Handle Your Brain Injury Legal Claim

The attorneys of Farzam Law Firm are experienced trial attorneys that have litigated thousands of personal injury cases.

We care deeply for our clients, and we have recovered tens of millions of dollars to compensate them for their losses and injuries.

We understand the challenges of proving cases involving traumatic brain injuries and concussions and can answer any questions you may have about your claim.

Please contact us today to schedule your consultation.

Author Photo

Joseph Farzam

Mr. Farzam attended Santa Monica high school and worked at McDonald’s and local coffee shops to support himself. Although he worked 2 or 3 jobs, he valued education greatly and earned a bachelor’s degree from California State University, Northridge in biology, and attended the prestigious Pepperdine University School of Law. He graduated with high marks and passed the California bar exam on the first try. Mr. Farzam has received the coveted titles of Super Lawyer, Los Angeles Magazine’s Top Lawyers, and has received The Litigator Awards.  He is a proud member of the Consumer Attorneys Association of Los Angeles (CAALA) and California Employment Lawyers Association (CELA).

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